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> Iran > السياسيون > Islamic Society of Engineers > Manouchehr Mottaki
منوچهر متکی  منوچهر متکی 
منوچهر متکی 
یک سیاستمدار ایرانی و دیپلمات بود. | An Iranian politician and diplomat.
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منوچهر متکی

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منوچهر متکی نامزد یازدهمین انتخابات ریاست جمهوری اسلامی ایران ، سیاست مدار و فعال سیاسی می‌باشد که وزیرخارجه پیشین و نماینده دوره‌های اول و هفتم مجلس شورای اسلامی بود. وی وزیر امور خارجهٔ جمهوری اسلامی ایران در سال‌های ۱۳۸۴ تا ۱۳۸۹ بوده است. وی همچنین در سالهای اواخر دهه شصت عضو تیم مذاکره کننده ایران در جریان تصویب قطعنامه ۵۹۸ بود. متکی اولین کسی بود که در سال ۱۳۷۰ در زمان معاونت بین‌الملل وزارت خارجه میزبانی کنفرانس سران کشورهای اسلامی را برای ایران به ارمغان آورد. همچنین میزبانی اجلاس سران کشورهای عدم تعهد که بالاترین سطح حضور سران در تاریخ کشور ایران است را متکی در زمان وزارتش برای جمهوری اسلامی به ارمغان آورد.

 

زندگی و تحصیلات

وی در ۳ فروردین ۱۳۳۲ ‬در روستای گزشرقی از توابع شهرستان بندر گز زاده شد. در سال ۱۳۵۵ ‬مدرک کارشناسی علوم اجتماعی خود را از دانشگاه ال امین بنگلور هندوستان دریافت کرد و دوره کارشناسی ارشد روابط بین‌الملل را در سال ۱۳۷۱ در دانشگاه تهران گذراند. او به زبان انگلیسی (مکالمه و ترجمه) مسلط بوده و با زبان‌های اردو و ترکی استانبولی نیز آشنایی دارد.

 

مسئولیت‌ها

  1. نماینده مجلس شورای اسلامی (دوره اول- عضو کمیسیون خارجی): ۱۳۵۹
  2. رئیس اداره هفتم سیاسی- وزارت امورخارجه: ۱۳۶۳
  3. سفیر جمهوری اسلامی ایران در ترکیه:۱۳۶۴
  4. مدیر کل اروپای غربی وزارت امورخارجه:۱۳۶۸
  5. معاون امور بین‌الملل وزارت امورخارجه:۱۳۶۸
  6. معاون حقوقی، کنسولی و امور مجلس وزارت امورخارجه:۱۳۷۱
  7. سفیر جمهوری اسلامی ایران در ژاپن: ۱۳۷۳
  8. مشاور وزیر امورخارجه:۱۳۷۸
  9. معاون ارتباطات سازمان فرهنگ و ارتباطات اسلامی: ۱۳۸۰(مامور ۲سال)
  10. نماینده مجلس شورای اسلامی (دوره هفتم- رئیس کمیته روابط خارجی کمیسیون امنیت ملی):۱۳۸۳
  11. وزیر امور خارجه در دولت نهم و دهم (از ۱۳۸۴ تا ۱۳۸۹)

 

منبع

 

 

ENG:

 

Manouchehr Mottaki (Persian: منوچهر متکی‎; born 12 May 1953) is an Iranian politician and diplomat. He was the Iranian Minister of Foreign Affairs. Whilst technically appointed by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, he is considered to be closer to more pragmatic conservative factions and during the 2005 presidential election, he was the campaign manager of Ali Larijani, the Muslim conservative candidate.

 

Notable positions

Referring to the controversy over Iran's nuclear program, Mottaki has said the referral of the issue to the UN Security Council would be a detrimental move. He has called for negotiations and said Iran does not seek nuclear weapons, and instead wants the same rights as other members of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.

 

Mottaki has condemned the outcry over President Ahmadinejad's comments on Israel, calling them a "misunderstanding." At the same time, he has called the Israeli government a "Zionist regime" and said of Israel that Iran was "facing a mad people, which is ruled by madmen."

 

In July, 2010, in one report from the International Foreign Ministerial Meeting in Kabul, "American, European and other foreign leaders  [including] ... Mottaki ... and Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi [and] Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-Moon met ... to pledge anew their support for Afghanistan as they committed to complete transition of security and budgeting responsibility to the Afghan government by 2014. They acknowledged that neither the people of their own countries nor those in Afghanistan had much patience left. ... The Iranian Foreign Minister used the conference as an opportunity to get in some digs at the foreign forces. The criticism came just a few weeks after the United Nations Security Council voted to enforce sanctions against Iran for failing to halt its nuclear program. 'The presence and increase in the number of foreign forces is one of the factors in the insecurity, violence and dissatisfaction of the public,' said ... Mottaki .... A moment later the United Nations special representative to Afghanistan, Staffan de Mistura, interrupted and told him to get to the point." Another report from Kabul added "Mottaki accused the U.S., Pakistan and allied forces of utilizing Afghanistan to support terrorist strikes inside Iran, including last week's bomb blasts in ... Zahedan, ... Sistan-Baluchistan province." This report said United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton "hadn't heard [the] comments ... charging the U.S. with supporting terrorism inside Iran"; and said that "Mottaki exceeded his allotted time giving his speech, earning a rebuke from the conference's organizers. The Iranian diplomat said he had the right to give an extended account of the situation in Afghanistan, as Iran has been forced to absorb three million Afghans evading the fighting in their country." A third report said, in part, that Mottaki said "Increase in terrorism because of the active support of the US and NATO of terrorist groups in the region as part of their policy to sow ethnic and religious discord, is proof of the fact that the undesirable presence of the occupation forces has intensified insecurity and violence. Today, insecurity is not just plaguing the Afghan people but is in fact directly mushrooming in neighbouring states, especially in Pakistan."

 

Dismissal as foreign minister

On 13 December 2010, Mottaki was dismissed as foreign minister by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, something that has been widely speculated as a power struggle within the conservative establishment. Mottaki said, "Dismissing a minister during a mission is un-Islamic, undiplomatic and offensive." Iran State Television reported that Ali Akbar Salehi will replace Mottaki in a caretaker position. Commenting on Mottaki's dismissal, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said the U.S. relationship with Iran “is not toward any individual . . . it is toward the country, the government, which is complex and challenging to deal with.”

 

source

2013-04-07

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