عزيز سالم مرتضى الدويك (12 يناير 1948 -)، بروفيسور وسياسي فلسطيني يرأس المجلس التشريعي الفلسطيني منذ عام 2006، وهوأحد قيادات جماعة الإخوان المسلمين في فلسطين.
ولد من أم مصرية وأب فلسطيني من الخليل في مصر، وهو متزوج وأب لسبعة أبناء وبنات، وكنيته أبو هشام.
الانتماء لحركة حماس
انتمى مبكرا لحركة حماس وأصبح من نشاطائها وأحد أقطابها. 1992 برفقة 415 من قيادات حركة حماس، وكان ناطقاً باسمهم باللغة الإنجليزية. ابتعد بعد عودته من مرج الزهور عن العمل السياسي، على عكس عبد العزيز الرنتيسي الذي تسلم زمام الأمور في حماس بعد اغتيال أحمد ياسين في مارس 2004 إلى أن اغتالته المروحيات الإسرائيلية في أبريل 2004. كما كان أحد أهم مرافقي الدكتور عبد العزيز الرنتيسي في الإبعاد، حتى أطلق عليه في أوساط أبناء الحركة باسم " رنتيسي الضفة".
تعرض للاعتقال في السجون الإسرائيلية خمس مرات، وتم إبعاده إلى مرج الزهور عام
إعتقل في 29 يونيو 2006 قبل الجيش الإسرائيلي، وكان رئيس مكتبه أفاد أن 20 آلية عسكرية حاصرت منزله في رام الله لاعتقاله. وظل معتقل لمدة ثلاث سنوات، وكان يعاني من المرض خلال فترة اعتقاله من مرض السكري وارتفاع ضغط الدم. أفرج عنه في 23 يونيو 2009 وذلك بعد رفض المحكمة الإسرائيلية طلب الإدعاء لتمديد فترة اعتقالة لعدم كفاية الأدلة.
Aziz Duwaik (Arabic: عزيز دويك ʿAzīz Dowēk) (born c. 1950) has been the Speaker of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) since his election to that post on 18 January 2006. He was imprisoned in Israel on 6 August 2006 on charges of being a member of Hamas, but he was released on 22 June 2009. Some Palestinians consider Duwaik, as speaker of the PLC, to be the acting President of the Palestinian National Authority, since the elected term of Mahmoud Abbas officially expired on 9 January 2009.
Prior to becoming involved in political office, Duwaik was a professor of urban geography at An-Najah National University in Nablus on the West Bank. He holds a PhD in Regional and Architecture Planning from the University of Pennsylvania.
Married, with seven children, one of his daughters is a school principal, and three of his other children are students of medicine or pharmacy. Duwaik's wife runs a daycare centre out of the family's house named Marj az-Zahour, after the place in Lebanon where her husband spent a year in exile in 1992.
Duweik has been associated with The Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas since as early as 1992. In 1992, Duwaik was among 415 Palestinians associated with Hamas or the Islamic Jihad who were arrested and exiled to southern Lebanon by the Israeli administration of Yitzhak Rabin. Duweik ran for a position in the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) in the January 2006 elections on the Change and Reform list, made up primarily of Hamas members.
Arrest (2006) - Release (2009)
Duwaik was arrested by Israel on 29 June 2006 as part of Israel's Operation Summer Rains. He was later released and then rearrested 6 August 2006. Duwaik says he was severely beaten while in custody, and his lawyers say that he was held in unsanitary conditions. Khaled Meshaal, the exiled secretary-general of Hamas. He expressed his view that this was a "political trial" and stated that he did not recognize it. He accused Israel of using "political blackmail", and said that his arrest was in violation of international law. Duwaik (along with a number of other Palestinian ministers and parliament members) was imprisoned in spite of his parliamentary immunity.
In August 2006, Duwaik was charged in Israel for being a member of Hamas and for being in contact with
Israel released Duwaik two months before the end of his three-year sentence.
Released from Hadarim prison near Tel Aviv, he was then transferred to an Israeli military checkpoint outside the city of Tulkarm. He stated, "Any person deprived of his freedom feels an enormous hardship." Duwaik's release came after a military tribunal near Ramallah which rejected an application by prosecutors to keep him detained, presumably because of his bad health.
Arrest and release (2012)
On 19 January 2012, while traveling to Hebron, Duwaik was arrested by the Israeli Army at a checkpoint outside the Palestinian village of Jaba' located between Ramallah and Jerusalem. According to witnesses, he was blindfolded, handcuffed and taken to an unknown location. Israel stated his detainment was due to "involvement in terrorist attacks." The BBC's Jerusalem correspondent Wyre Davies said Duwaik's arrest will be seen by "many" as "further proof that Israel is pursuing a policy of restricting the movements of senior Palestinian figures." Hamas claimed that Israel made the arrest in order to hinder unity negotiations between their organization and rival Fatah. Duweik was placed under six months' Administrative detention without trial or charge. This brings to 27 the total number of Palestinian MPs currently imprisoned by Israel.
On 20 July Duwaik was released by the Israeli authorities and received by fellow lawmakers at the Beit Sira checkpoint. The following day he received a phone call from the President of Egypt Mohammed Mursi congratulating him on his release. Duwaik was "honored" to receive the call, stating that it represented the post-Arab Spring era.