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تفاصيل Lebanese Forces

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 Lebanese Forces
القوات اللبنانية‎ (Al-Quwāt Al-Lubnāniyah) | The Lebanese Forces Party is a political party in Lebanon.
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Lebanese Forces

ARA:

 

القوات اللبنانية، هي حزب سياسي وميليشيا سابقة أسسها بشير الجميّل سنة 1976 لكي تكون الذراع العسكري للجبهة اللبنانية. كانت إحدى أهم الأطراف المتصارعة أثناء الحرب وخاضت معارك عديدة ضد ميليشيات الحركة الوطنية اللبنانية والمنظمات الفلسطينية، كما أنها دخلت في صراعات خاطفة مع ميليشيات يمينية أخرى كانت حليفة لها. عرفت بعد اغتيال الجميّل سنة 1982 عدة تغييرات على قيادتها وبدأت تأخذ استقلاليتها عن الجبهة اللبنانية. دخلت في صراع دموي مع وحدات الجيش الموالية لرئيس الحكومة العسكرية ميشال عون بين 1989 و1990. سلمت أسلحتها بعد اتفاق الطائف وتحولت إلى حزب سياسي. بعام 1994 اتهم قائد القوات سمير جعجع بعدة جرائم كان أحدها تفجير كنيسة سيدة النجاة وهو الحادث الذي ما زالت القوات تنفي مسؤوليتها عنه، كما اتهم باغتيال طوني فرنجيّة نجل رئيس الجمهورية السابق سليمان فرنجيّة واغتيال رئيس الوزراء رشيد كرامي والعديد من الجرائم الأخرى فأدى ذلك إلى الحكم على جعجع بالسجن المؤبد وحظر القوات. رفع الحظر مع خروج الجيش السوري من لبنان سنة 2005 وأطلق سراح سمير جعجع بعفو. يرأس الهيئة التنفيذية للقوات حاليًا سمير جعجع، وللقوات 8 مقاعد في المجلس النيابي. شاركت القوات في حكومة فؤاد السنيورة الأولى عبر وزير السياحة جوزيف سركيس، وشاركت في حكومة فؤاد السنيورة الثانية عبر وزير البيئة أنطوان كرم إضافة لوزير العدل إبراهيم نجار المحسوب عليها. كما شاركت بحكومة الرئيس سعد الدين الحريري عبر وزير العدل إبراهيم نجار ووزير الثقافة سليم وردة.

 

source in Arabic language

 

 

ENG:

 

The Lebanese Forces Party (Arabic: القوات اللبنانية Al-Quwāt Al-Lubnāniyah, Syriac: ܚܝܠܘܬܐ ܠܒܢܢܝܐ ḥailaoṯe lebnonoye) is a political party in Lebanon. It currently holds eight of the 64 Christian seats in Lebanon's parliament and is therefore the second largest Christian party in parliament. The party frequently shortens its name to "Lebanese Forces" to (intentionally) confuse it with the Lebanese Forces militia from which it considers itself to have evolved.

 

After the Cedar Revolution

The LF was an active participant in the Cedar Revolution of 2005, when popular protests and international pressure following the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq al-Hariri combined to force Syria out of Lebanon. In the subsequent parliamentary election held in May and June, the Lebanese Forces formed part of the Rafik Hariri Martyr List, which also included the Future Movement, Popular Socialist Party, the reformed Phalange party, and other anti-Syrian political groups, as well as a brief tactical alliance with Amal and Hezbollah. The tactical alliance with Hizbollah and Amal would soon end ; these majority parties and movements would subsequently form the anti-Syrian March 14 Alliance, which stood opposed to the March 8 Coalition backed by Hizbullah, Amal and the Free Patriotic Movement led by General Michel Aoun who had returned to Lebanon. The Lebanese Forces were able to win 6 out of the 8 MPs that were nominated throughout the various regions of the country. Nevertheless, the elections proved to be very significant because for the first time, supporters of the party were freely able to participate in the election process.


Following the party's new political gains, Samir Geagea was freed on 18 July 2005, after parliament decided to amend all the charges he formerly faced. Since Geagea's release from prison, the Lebanese Forces have been rebuilding much of their former image. Some of these works include reorganizing its members and their families, reopening political facilities, and reestablishing their main presence among the Christians of Lebanon. In addition to rebuilding their image, the Lebanese Forces have also been attempting to reclaim former privately-funded facilities, which were seized by the Syrian backed government. Currently, the Lebanese Forces have also been striving to reclaim their rights to the Lebanese Broadcasting Corporation, which was initiated by the party in the mid 1980s. After filing suit against LBC Group General Manager Pierre Daher in 2007, the Lebanese Forces won the case and were granted control of the corporation in late 2010.


Since the emancipation of the party's main leader, Samir Geagea, the party has gained new popularity among the Christian population throughout all of Lebanon. In addition, the Lebanese Forces have also been able to attain a great deal of popularity amongst the younger generation, as evidenced by the annual student elections in Lebanese colleges. The Lebanese Forces, along with their other March 14 allies, made additional gains in the elections geared towards the professional bodies of engineers, doctors, lawyers, and even teachers.

 

Leader: Samir Geagea

Founded: 1990

Religion: Mainly Maronite Christians with other Christian sects

Ideology: National conservatism, Lebanese nationalism, Federalism, Christian right

 

source

4.3.09

updated: 2012-12-02

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