نجيب ميقاتي (24 نوفمبر 1955-)، رئيس وزراء لبنان منذ 13 يونيو 2011، وهو سياسي ورجل أعمال. عين رئيسًا للوزراء للمرة الأولى من 19 أبريل 2005 إلى 19 يوليو 2005 بعد استقالة الرئيس عمر كرامي بعد اغتيال رئيس الوزراء الأسبق رفيق الحريري، وكانت حكومته حكومة مؤقتة تقوم بإدارة الدولة حتى انتخاب إجراء انتخابات المجلس النيابي وذلك كي تجرى الانتخابات بإدارة حيادية.
Najib Azmi Mikati (Arabic: نجيب ميقاتي; born 24 November 1955) is a Lebanese politician who served as the Prime Minister of Lebanon two times. From April 2005 to July 2005 he was Prime Minister of Lebanon in a caretaker government. On 25 January 2011, Mikati was nominated to serve as Prime Minister by a majority of the votes in the parliamentary consultations following the 12 January fall of the Lebanese government of November 2009. The government was formed on 13 June 2011, after many delays. On 22 March 2013, Mikati submitted his resignation from office, which Lebanese president Michel Suleiman accepted on 23 March 2013.
After being appointed to the Cabinet as Minister of Public Works and Transport on 4 December 1998, he was elected to the National Assembly from his hometown of Tripoli in 2000, outpolling Omar Karami, who was elected from the same multimember constituency. As a parliamentarian, he retained his cabinet position and developed a reputation as a moderately pro-Syrian politician with a normal relationship with Syrian President Bashar Assad. He was a perennial candidate for Lebanon's Prime Ministry since 2000, finally taking the office upon the resignation of Omar Karami on 13 April 2005.
First prime ministership
He was appointed Prime Minister by President Émile Lahoud on 15 April 2005, to succeed Omar Karami, who gave up after seven weeks of frustrated efforts to form a consensus government and resigned. He held office for three months, handing over on 19 July 2005 to Fouad Siniora. Mikati's government succeeded in organizing the election, that saw the opposition, that was now known as the 14 March Movement, win 72 out of the 128 seats in the National Assembly.
Second prime ministership
On 24 January 2011, the March 8 alliance nominated Mikati to become prime minister and succeed Saad Hariri, whose government was brought down by the resignation of 10 of the alliance's ministers, and one presidential appointee, on 12 January 2011. It was a result of the collapse of the Saudi-Syrian initiative to reach a compromise on the issue of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. On 25 January, the parliament of Lebanon voted on his nomination with 68 MP's nominating Mikati for Prime Minister. President of Lebanon Michel Suleiman then nominated Mikati to head a new Lebanese government. On 13 June 2011, Mikati became the Prime Minister of Lebanon for the second time and is in the process of forming a new thirty member cabinet. On 13 June, Mikati announced the formation of the government and stated that it would begin by "liberating land that remains under the occupation of the Israeli enemy". On 22 March 2013, Mikati resigned from office, due to "intensifying pressure between the pro-Assad and anti-Assad camps" and the Lebanese president accepted his resignation on 23 March 2013. On 6 April 2013, Tammam Salam was tasked to form a new government.