سياسيون وانتخابات، انتخبوا بحرية و شاركوا في الديمقراطية، شاركوا في التغييرعن طريق الاستفتاء عبر الانترنت
left right

السيرة الذاتية جلال طالباني

> Iraq > السياسيون > Patriotic Union of Kurdistan > Jalal Talabani
جلال طالباني جلال طالباني
جلال طالباني
الرئيس السادس والحالي للعراق. | The sixth and current President of Iraq, and a leading Kurdish politician.
الرئيس
email

وصف المترشح: 

جلال طالباني السيرة الذاتية

ARA:

 

جلال الطالباني (12 نوفمبر 1933 -) هو الرئيس السابع لجمهورية العراق بدون احتساب عهد سلطة الأئتلاف المؤقته. والحاكم الجمهوري التاسع للعراق منذ تأسيس الجمهورية، في حين يعد الرئيس الثاني للعراق بعد الاحتلال الأمريكي عام 2003. هو كردي تم اختياره كرئيس الحكومة العراقية الانتقالية في 6 أبريل من سنة 2005، على أعقاب نتائج الأنتخابات العراقية في 30 كانون الثاني 2005م، حيث أختير لهذا المنصب من قبل الجمعية الوطنية الانتقالية العراقية. وتم قبول ترشيحه لمنصب رئيس الجمورية لمدة 4 سنوات في 22 أبريل 2006، بعد 4 أشهر من المحادثات بين الجوانب الحائزة على أغلبية الأصوات في عملية الاقتراع الثالثة في سلسلة الانتخابات العراقية. جلال طالباني الذي يعرف أيضا بجلال الطالباني ويعرف في صفوف الأكراد باسم مام جلال (العم جلال)وأطلق عليه هذه التسمية منذ أن كان صغيرا وذلك لذكاءه وتصرفه السليم، يعد واحد من أبرز الشخصيات الكردية في التاريخ العراقي المعاصر.

 

أسس الاتحاد الوطني الكردستاني في سوريا سنة 1975م، وبدأ حركته المسلحة سنة 1976م، ودخل في مفاوضات مع الحكومة العراقية سنة 1984م، لأقرار قانون الحكم الذاتي غير ان ضغوط الحكومة التركية حالت دون تطبيق الاتفاق ووصل الأمر بتركيا إلى تهديد الحكومة العراقية بقطع أنبوب النفط العراقي الذي يمر بأراضيها ويصدر عبر ميناء جيهان التركي على البحر الأبيض المتوسط إذا وافق العراق على مطالب الأكراد خوفا من إثارة الحقوق المكبوتة للأكراد القاطنين في تركيا وبعدها استئنف القتال مرة أخرى وقامت خلالها القوات العراقية باستخدام الأسلحة الكيمياوية على نطاق واسع ضد المقاتلين الأكراد وضد المدنيين وكان أوضح مثال عليها مدينة حلبجة؟ولكن اختلفت الاراء حول قصف مدينة حلبجة بالأسلحة الكيمياوية من قبل الحكومة العراقية حيث بعد سقوط بغداد صدرت الكثير من الاقاويل حول ان إيران هي من قامت بقصف مدينة حلبجة والتي قتل فيها أكثر من خمسة آلاف شخص من المدنيين. وبعد حرب الخليج الثانية (حرب تحرير الكويت) أستطاع الأكراد من أن يحكموا أنفسهم بعد أنتفاضتهم سنة 1991م.

 

مصدر

 

 

ENG:

 

Jalal Talabani (Kurdish: جەلال تاڵەبانی Celal Tallebanî, Arabic: جلال طالباني‎ Jalāl Ṭālabānī; born 12 November 1933) is the sixth and current President of Iraq, a leading Kurdish politician. He is the first non-Arab president of Iraq, although Abdul Kareem Qasim was of partial Kurdish heritage. Talabani is the founder and secretary general of one of the main Kurdish political parties, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK). He was a prominent member of the Interim Iraq Governing Council, which was established following the overthrow of the Saddam Hussein regime by the invasion of Iraq in 2003. Talabani has been an advocate for Kurdish rights and democracy in Iraq for more than 50 years. Apart from his mother language, Kurdish, Talabani is fluent in Arabic, Persian and English. Talabani is a member of the Socialist International.

 

 

Early life

Talabani was born in 1933 in Talaban Village and descends from the Talabani tribe that has produced many leading social figures including Riza Talabani. He received his elementary and intermediate school education in Koya (Koysanjak) and his high school education in Erbil and Kirkuk. When he was in his teens Talabani's peers began referring to him as "Mam" Jalal, mam meaning paternal uncle in Kurdish, and the Kurds have called him by this affectionate name ever since. In 1957, during the final year of his studies for a degree in law at Baghdad University, he was expelled because of his political activities. He completed his degree two years later.

 

Political career

  • Rights for Kurds

When in September 1961, the Kurdish uprising for the rights of the Kurds in western Iraq was declared against the Baghdad government of Abdul Karim Qassem, Talabani took charge of the Kirkuk and Silemani battle fronts and organized and led separatist movements in Mawat, Rezan and the Karadagh regions. In March 1962, he led a coordinated offensive that brought about the liberation of the district of Sharbazher from Iraqi government forces. When not engaged in fighting in the early and mid 1960s, Talabani undertook numerous diplomatic missions, representing the Kurdish leadership at meetings in Europe and the Middle East. The Kurdish separatist movement collapsed in March 1975 after Iran ended their support in exchange for a border agreement with Iraq. This agreement was the 1975 Algiers Agreement, where Iraq gave up claims to the Shatt al-Arab(Arvand Rūd) waterway and Khuzestan, which later became the basis for the Iran-Iraq war. Believing it was time to give a new direction to the Kurdish separatists and to the Kurdish society, Talabani, with a group of Kurdish intellectuals and activists, founded the Kurdish Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (Yekiaiti Nishtimani Kurdistan). In 1976, he began organizing an armed campaign for Kurdish independence inside Iraqi Kurdistan. During the 1980s, Talabani sided with Iranian Kurdistan and led a Kurdish struggle from bases inside Iraq until the crackdown against Kurdish separatists from 1987 to 1988. In 1991, he helped inspire a renewed effort for Kurdish independence. He negotiated a ceasefire with the Iraqi Ba'athist government that saved the lives of many Kurds and worked closely with the United States, UK, France and other countries to set up the safe haven in Iraqi Kurdistan. In 1992 the Kurdistan Regional Government was founded. Talabani has pursued a negotiated settlement to the internecine problems plaguing the Kurdish movement, as well as the larger issue of Kurdish rights in the current regional context. He works closely with other Kurdish politicians as well as the rest of the Iraqi opposition factions. In close coordination with Massoud Barzani, Talabani and the Kurds played a key role as a partner of the U.S.-led Coalition in the invasion of Iraq. Talabani was a member of the Iraqi Governing Council that negotiated the Transitional Administrative Law (TAL), Iraq's interim constitution. The TAL governed all politics in Iraq and the process of writing and adopting the final constitution.

 

  • Presidency

Talabani was elected President of Iraq on April 6, 2005 by the Iraqi National Assembly and sworn in to office the following day. On April 22, 2006, Talabani began his second term as President of Iraq, becoming the first President elected under the country's new Constitution. Currently, his office is part of the Presidency Council of Iraq. Nawshirwan Mustafa was Talabani's deputy until Mustafa resigned in 2006 and formed a media company called Wusha.

 

Personal life and health 

Jalal Talabani is married to Hero Ibrahim Ahmed, daughter of Ibrahim Ahmed, a lieutenant of Mullah Mustafa. His youngest son, Qubad, is the representative of the Kurdistan Regional Government in the United States. On 18 December 2012 Talabani suffered a stroke and was in intensive care in Baghdad, where his condition eventually stabilized after reports that he was in a coma. A statement on the President's official website said that he was being treated for blocked arteries. On 20 December, Talabani's condition had improved enough to allow travel to Germany for treatment. The head of Talabani's medical team in Iraq has been Governor Najmiddin Karim. As of May 2014, Talabani is still in Germany for ongoing treatment.

 

source

12th November 08

updated: 2014-05-22

icon Jalal Talabani
icon Jalal Talabani
icon Jalal Talabani
icon Jalal Talabani
icon Jalal Talabani
icon Jalal Talabani

ElectionsMeter لا يتحمل اي مسؤولية حول محتوى الحجج و التعاليق. نرجوا منكم الاتصال بالمصدر مباشرة. كل حجة او تعليق يجب ان يحتوي على اسم الكاتب و المصدر الاصلي. يجب ان تكون لدى المستعملين دراية بحقوق الكاتب. الرجاء الاطلاع على قواعد البوابة وإذا كان النص يحتوي على خطأ ، معلومات غير صحيحة ، تريد اصلاحها ، أو حتى اردت ان تغير مضمون الحساب ، يرجى الاتصال بنا. اتصل بنا..

 
load menu