أحمد عمر أحمد معيتيق رجل أعمال وسياسي ليبي (مواليد 1972 مصراتة)، تم انتخابه من قبل المؤتمر الوطني العام الأحد 4 مايو 2014، كرئيس وزراء جديد لليبيا، وقد جرت عملية انتخابه في ظل ظروف لاتزال محل اثارة للجدل. حيث رفض أعضاء في المؤتمر الوطني بينهم نائب رئيس المؤتمر عز الدين العوامي الاعتراف بشرعيتها طاعنين في منح الثقة بها.
وهذا الاختيار جاء بعد أربعة جلسات تصويت شهدت مشادات كلامية بين الأعضاء، حيث تقدم معيتيق في الدورة الثانية على منافسه عمر الحاسي من بنغازي، بحصوله على 73 مقابل 43 صوتا، لينتقل إلى الدورة الثالثة والتي لم يحصل فيها سوى على 113 صوتا من الأصوات الـ120 اللازمة لنيل ثقة البرلمان في هذه الدورة، قبل أن يحصد 121 صوتا في الجلسة الرابعة وينال ثقة المجلس.
يدعي امعيتيق أن من قاموا يانتخابه وتزكيته في المؤتمر هم (مجموعة من الأعضاء المستقلين) حسب قوله، مضيفاً في تصريح صحفي لوكالة الأنباء الألمانية «[أنا] لا أنتمي لأي تيار سياسي .. لا إخوان ولا تحالف ولا أي من التيارات السياسية الموجودة في ليبيا».
Ahmed Omar Maiteeq is a Libyan businessman and politician, originally from Misrata, who was elected Prime Minister of Libya in May 2014. His election as prime minister took place under disputed circumstances. Maiteeq's election has been backed by the Congress President, himself an Islamist, Nouri Abusahmain - however the deputy speaker called it illegitimate. The Justice Ministry decided on 29 May that Maiteeq was not the Prime Minister and that his predecessor, Abdullah al-Thanay, was to continue to lead Libya. The Libyan Supreme Court was expected to issue a verdict on 5 June 2014 regarding the election of Maiteeq, although it indicated on that day that it believed that the appointment of Maiteeq was illegal, the court stated that appeals should be heard and delayed a final ruling until 9 June. The court ruled on 9 June that Maiteeq's appointment was illegal; Abdullah al-Thanay is expected to stay on as prime minister. Maiteeq resigned the same day.
Following Acting Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thanay's call that he would resign on 13 April for an alleged attack on his family, he was persuaded to stay on till a new leader was elected. The first day of voting on 28 April was disrupted by armed men firing in parliament. In a voting session at the General National Congress that was described by Al Jazeera English as "chaotic," Maiteeq was elected. Initially, he was reported to have got 113 of the 120 votes needed in accordance with the constitution of Libya. However, Second Deputy Speaker of parliament Saleh al-Makhzoun said that he had, in fact, got 121 votes after a recount and received more votes than challenger Omar al-Hassi. Maiteeq reacted by saying: "I swear I will carry out my duties honestly and in devotion." MP Fatma al-Majbari told Libyan television station Al-Ahrar: "There are violations in today's session" and that the change of votes came after the session was adjourned. The First Deputy Speaker Ezzedin al-Awami insisted that Maiteeq had not been elected and had instructed Abdullah al-Thinni to continue in his role. He gave as a reason that there was a failure "to reach the quorum of 120 votes necessary according to the law." Nonetheless, Speaker Nouri Abusahmain signed a decree the next day confirming that Maiteeq's election was valid and that he had 15 days to form a government. Maiteeq originally had up to two weeks to form a new government, however, the cabinet was not confirmed until 25 May. Libya announced on 20 May 2014 that a new parliamentary election would in held on 25 June. He became Prime Minister on 25 Mays.
Though his predecessor, al-Thannay, signed an agreement with those holding the smaller oil export terminals of Hariga and Zueitina, those holding the larger Ras Lanuf and Es Sider terminals refused to recognise Maiteeq. Spokesman Ali Hasi said: "Maiteeq came to power illegally."
Maiteeq has been described as "Islamist-backed". However he says he is an independent and is not affiliated to any political party or movement.